Ever wondered why Persian Carpet is famous worldwide or why they say it has the best quality among carpets? Well, it should have something to do with its history and origin.
You can find Persian Carpet in every Persian house! In all shapes and colors and types. These beautiful rectangular carpets, that is called "Farsh" or "Ghali" in Persian, are full of interesting and symbolic patterns. Sometimes they tell old stories about Persian heroes and myths; Persian kids spend so much time looking at these patterns and figures and playing with White Dew from Shahnameh and always manage to defeat them!
Persian Carpets represent cultural elements of different Iranian ethnic groups. These carpets are usually handmade. What is fascinating about these handmade carpets is that most of them do not even have a written pattern. The carpet-weaver lady (it's traditionally a lady's job) weaves a rug out of her fabulous imagination! Isn't it amazing?
We have various types of Farsh and things that look like Farsh such as Gelim and so on. But it is totally fine to call all varieties Carpet. Just remember, you cannot walk with shoes on Carpets in most Persian houses! So, just ask your host before getting in.
If you like more about Persian carpet --e.g. its pattern, symbols, history, how to weave it or anything related to that-- you can visit Carpet Museum in Tehran. It is a really good place to learn about this magnificent Iranian handicraft.
One great industry in Iran that can beat its counterparts around the world is the fabric industry. The quality and fame of hand-woven fabrics in Iran are different from city to city. Isfahan fabrics, the most popular center for buying artful fabrics, usually have geometric shapes and structures together with flowers and plants. Moreover, wool fabrics in Kerman are both beautiful and masterfully colored by natural colors and made suitable for decorating tables or shelves. Persian cashmere (‘Termeh’ in Farsi) is the most eye-catching, stylish, and delicate form of fabric from the historical city of Yazd that has multifunctional usages. Cashmere is used for making wallet or purse, shoes, table linen, and jewelry box. Take one of these pieces of art home as a memory of your visit from Iran.
Giveh is a kind of shoe that is soft, comfortable, durable and hand-woven that is common in several parts of Iran especially in rural and mountainous areas of Kermanshah and Yazd Province. It has two parts: sole and upper. Do not forget to buy a pair during your visit.
Tourists who care a lot about the taste of the things they eat have a strong desire to visit Iran as a great place to fulfill their needs. Sweets and nuts in Iran are the best targets of these tourists. Iranian pistachio is definitely the featuring member of nuts in Iran. Iranians themselves eat nuts occasionally; they welcome their guests in Nowrouz (Persian New Year) with a big bowl of nuts and they also eat different kinds of nuts in Chaharshanbe Soori and Yalda Night.
Pack all the colors of a spring sky to your suitcase! One of the most incredible souvenirs in Iran is a vase or plate decorated in a traditional Iranian technique, called Mina Kari. This art of enameling comes from ancient Persia. Isfahan is regarded as a center of this art, and there you can find incredible samples of refined paintings with a variety of designs and patterns. The outstanding fantasy of Iranian artists shows itself in rich palette of blue colors – which is not a surprise since “mina” in Farsi language means ”sky”. Bring a piece of Iran to your home!
Khatam is a Persian inlaying. It is a kind of marquetry art that is made by decorating the wooden articles with wood, and metal. They also use material like gold, silver, brass, aluminum, and sometime twisted wire in khatam. The art of crafting Khatam is called Khatam Kari.
Khatam Kari is an elaborate process. Remarkably, sometimes there are more than 400 pieces per square inch. In the Safavid Era, inlaid articles had a special significance. They use betel, walnut, cypress, and pine in wooden parts. Khatam comes in shapes of doors, windows, mirror frames, Quran boxes, pen, pen holders, lanterns, and shrines.
You can see masterpieces of Khatam in cities like Isfahan, Shiraz, Mashahd, and Qom. Inlaid rooms at Saadabad Palace and Marble Palace in Tehran are other examples to mention.